When it comes to learning a language which has a gender system unlike English, it's better that we learn first, how to recognize the gender of nouns in that language because when a language has a gender system, it has always noun-adjective agreement, pronoun-noun agreement, even verb conjugation depends on either gender of subject or object.
So let's get started with Hindi Nouns. There are no hard and fast rules to recognize the gender of Hindi nouns. We can either recognize the gender of Hindi nouns by their endings or their gender in case of living beings.
Hindi Nouns are categorized as masculine and feminine.
1. Masculine Nouns - Most of the Hindi nouns which end in "aa" आ are masculine.
2. Feminine Nouns - Most of the Hindi nouns which end in"ee" are feminine.
Let's start with masculine nouns first.
Masculine Nouns can also be further categorized as follows.
Masculine Nouns type First - Most of the Hindi nouns which end in "aa" आ and to make plural "aa" is replaced with "e"
Masculine Nouns type second - These Nouns mostly end in a consonant sound and have the same singular and plural form. Their number is determined by context. Type-II masculine nouns include all masculine nouns which do not end in (aa)आ.
Feminine Nouns - Hindi feminine nouns are also further categorized like masculine nouns as follows.
1. Feminine nouns type first- all the feminine nouns which end in "ee/i" are placed in this category and the plural form of Feminine nouns ending in “i/ee” are made by changing the final “i/ee” into “iyaan”
1. Feminine nouns type second- all the feminine nouns which do not end in "ee/i" are placed in this category and the plural form of Feminine nouns do not ending in “i/ee” are made by adding suffix "en"